The Santana climbing rose is a real gift for rose growers and lovers of lush, luminous flowering. In addition to the fact that this variety is unpretentious in care and well resistant to disease, it pleases the eye throughout the summer period with weather-resistant flowers. Santana has taken her rightful place among landscape designers, helping them create chic flower arrangements that attract admiring glances.

Climbing rose Santana with blood red flowers and velvet overflow

Description of the climbing rose Santana

Santana is a relatively young variety of climbing rose. It was bred by German breeders from the Rosen Tantau company at the end of the last century and is a hybrid of the Max Graf and Vishurana varieties. Decorating your garden with roses in the amount allowed by Santana is every gardener’s dream. The main thing is to find a profitable place where the climbing bushes will look decent.

General description of the Santana variety:

  • the bush is fast-growing, reaches a height of 2-3 m, erect, grown as a powerful bush or on a stand;
  • branches are strong and resilient, can stand up without additional support;
  • semi-double flowers, rich red in color with velvety petals, reach 10 cm in diameter, collected in brushes of 3-7 pieces, cover the stems along the entire length;
  • the foliage is stiff, dark green in color with a glossy sheen, has a decorative appearance, is practically not affected by diseases.

Rosa Santana was bred so that its flowers could be admired for a long time. It blooms several times per season. In the middle Russian zone, the stems are covered with buds from June to September.

Cultivation of this variety does not require a lot of space. A plot area of ​​​​50-50 cm is enough, it is better to plant a plant in a sunny place, but it will also grow well on fertile soil in partial shade.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Currently, the Santana rose is considered one of the most popular, thanks to a number of advantages that are appreciated by gardeners and landscape designers.

Main advantages:

  • flowers are resistant to rain, bright sun, wind, do not fade for a long time;
  • inflorescences are decorative at all stages of dissolution, evenly cover the shoots from top to bottom, without leaving bare spots;
  • flowering repeats during growing season and lasts until first frost;
  • the plant is resistant to diseases and pests;
  • frost-resistant variety, belongs to the 5th zone (up to -290WITH);
  • easily braids the support, which allows wide use in vertical gardening.

Rose Santana has practically no drawbacks. They note its unstable, slightly noticeable aroma when pronounced in other varieties of roses. Some gardeners in the northern regions say that after severe frosts many frozen stems need to be removed.

Features of planting a climbing rose Santana

Particular attention should be paid to the selection of seedlings for planting. Shoots and roots should be intact and look healthy. Before planting, they are treated with a fungicide and kept in water for a day. Yes, they will heal faster.

The choice of location also affects the rapid growth and abundant flowering of Santana. Roses love sunny, well-ventilated places, but without strong drafts. The best place would be the south side and an elevated area. When planted in a good place, there is a chance that next year the climbing rose Santana will bloom with many flowers, as in the photo below.

Climbing rose Santana with blood red flowers and velvet overflow

Important! Planting is carried out in the spring in April-May, when good weather sets in, or in the fall in September-October so that the bushes have time to take root before the onset of frosts.

Plant a rosebush as follows:

  1. Dig a hole in advance with a diameter of 50 cm to a depth of 40-50 cm.
  2. Drainage is laid at the bottom in the form of small stones or sand with a layer of about 10 cm.
  3. Fall asleep a bucket of manure and water abundantly.
  4. Place the seedling in the hole, dig into the ground and water again.

After planting, the shoots are cut off, leaving a length of 20 cm. This will help the bush to actively develop. If the branches of Santana are planned to branch along the support, then it is better to install it immediately after planting, so as not to damage the roots in the future.

Climbing Santana Rose Care

The care of Santana climbing roses is essential, especially in the first year of planting. Otherwise, it will bloom poorly or may get sick. There is nothing complicated in agrotechnics and includes all the same rules that are necessary when growing varieties of the Rosepovnikov family. If the planting took place in accordance with the basic norms of agricultural technology, then in the future the rose will need regular watering, top dressing and proper pruning.

watering

Water the climbing rose regularly, on average once a week. Pour a bucket of water over a bush. In this case, you need to focus on the weather. If it is humid and rainy, watering should be reduced. If it’s hot, you need to water more often. Water should be poured under the roots. Water should not fall on the leaves and buds, this can create favorable conditions for the appearance of fungal diseases.

Vinaigrette

Organic fertilizers that were applied when planting the Santana rose bush in the form of manure in the hole will feed the bush for 2 years. At this time, they no longer need to be applied, so as not to overfeed the plant.

The bush also needs mineral fertilizers, which are applied 4-5 times during the growing season. They can be bought in a specialized store, in the form of solutions or dry mixtures. Top dressing should be done according to the attached instructions.

Cut and shape

The pruning of climbing Santana roses is essential. It is with its help that the bush can receive the necessary shape by cutting off asymmetrical and extra branches. In addition, pruning contributes to the rapid and lush growth of roses. When pruning, it should be remembered that flowering occurs on last year’s shoots. They are not cut, but only the part on which the buds did not appear is removed.

Pruning is done twice a year: before flowering and after it. The main stems are removed after 3 years, since in the 4th year they are already beginning to die. Young shoots are cut so that only 7 pieces remain. In the spring, pruning is sanitary and serves to thin out the bush. Cut the longest stems in the fall.

Warning! If the rose is not pruned, it will grow slowly, bloom poorly and may even get sick.

Wilted buds should be removed from the bush immediately, as they take away nutrients and prevent new buds from actively blooming.

Climbing rose Santana with blood red flowers and velvet overflow

Protection against diseases and pests

The Santana climbing rose is famous for its resistance to disease and pests. However, it is necessary to monitor her condition, because with improper care she can get sick with diseases such as:

  • powdery mildew – whitish coating on leaves and stems;
  • black spot – may indicate the need to feed the plant with potassium and phosphorus;
  • bacterial cancer – affects the roots of a rose, so they should be periodically examined, especially if the bush is withering.

In case of powdery mildew or black spot disease, cut off the damaged leaves and cut the shoots. Sometimes you have to remove the whole bush. To help the Santana rose always be healthy, it is recommended to spray the bushes every spring with a solution of copper sulphate as a preventive measure.

Ticks, rose aphids, bears can attack a rose. If found, the bushes should be treated with an appropriate insecticide.

The place of landing plays a big role. In southern regions, with intense heat, the leaves can be prone to burns. And planting in lowlands with high groundwater adjustment will create favorable conditions for the occurrence of a fungal disease.

Shelter for the winter

In central Russia, roses need shelter for the winter. In addition, the whole bush must be covered, and not just its roots. Santana is a frost-resistant variety. With the onset of stable cold weather, the rose bushes are planted, forming a mound of earth 20-30 cm high. From above they are covered with spruce branches and dry grass.

Climbing rose Santana in landscaping

The Santana variety of roses is loved and noticed by many landscape designers. Culture is actively used for vertical gardening. With the help of Santana flower brushes, the area can be transformed beyond recognition, creating a lush blooming island, both single and in combination with other bright flowers.

Rosa Santana is decorative even before flowering. It draws attention to itself with abundant glossy green foliage. It can be grown with the help of supports, decorative trellises, for decorating arbors and arches, as well as in the form of a powerful bush against the background of a contrasting wall or fence.

Conclusion

The decoration of any site – the Santana rose – is available not only for an experienced gardener, but also for a beginner. The hybrid is unpretentious in care, does not require special climatic conditions. It needs a minimum of attention, and in return it will give many pleasant moments enjoying the beauty and abundance of its flowers.

Opinion on the climbing rose Santana

Olga, 41 years old, Vereshchagino

This variety helps me – it blooms all the time and is very abundant. I don’t always have the opportunity to pay attention to the landings. And the culture flourishes on its own and is not capricious. The first thing that catches your eye when you enter the yard is the abundance of bright red flowers. The mood rises immediately. I advise everyone to plant Santana.

Svetlana, 58 years old, Yelets

Santana grows in two places. In one place, the sun shines almost all day. In the other – only 2-3 hours. The difference in flowering is noticeable, in the shade the flowers are smaller and less bright. The cultivation of this variety is best planted so that it is illuminated by the sun. Then you get a wall of roses. I’m glad the flowers last a long time.