When the cucumber season begins, gardeners hardly have time to prepare jars and cut salads. But in the cycle of pleasant troubles, you need to set aside time to care for the bushes themselves, otherwise the fertile period will end very quickly.

And although it seems that there is nothing complicated and secret in the cultivation of cucumbers, there are special points to consider if you want to harvest fresh and juicy vegetables before the end of the season. .

How to care for planting cucumbers in July

In the middle of summer, not only greenhouses, but also ground cucumbers actively bear fruit. However, don’t think it’s enough to water them once a week and periodically pull weeds from ridges and walkways. With this approach, the cucumber period in your dacha will last only 2-3 weeks, and you will not collect so much during this period – of course, it will be enough for salads, but it may not remain for preservation.

In addition, at present, the care of cucumbers in the greenhouse is still different from the care of cucumbers in the open field. Plants on the ground often need watering and greenhouses need airing. In terms of fertilizing, in July cucumbers are almost comparable, but outdoors it is more often worth carrying out preventive treatments against diseases and pests (ideally, to be repeated after each rain).

Water the cucumbers

After flowering, cucumbers need a lot of water, both under the root and on the leaves. Watering is carried out with warm water at the rate of 8-12 liters per 1 m². At the same time, the plants are watered under the root in the morning and on the leaves in the evening, after the intense heat subsides.

The soil around the cucumbers is soaked to a depth of 20 cm and a radius of 15 cm, while the root collar of the plant itself should remain dry.

After watering, the greenhouse or greenhouse should be ventilated, and if it gets too hot there, you can put containers with water in the aisles, which will become a kind of heat accumulator – during the day , evaporating, the water will lower the degree slightly, and at night it will release the heat accumulated during the day, smoothing the daily temperature differences.

Top cucumber vinaigrette

feed the cucumbers

If you want your plants to be strong, bear fruit for a long time and actively resist diseases and pests, you need to think about how to feed cucumbers in July. During this period, the bushes need not so much nitrogen as potassium and phosphorus, as well as trace elements. Therefore, for the full development of cucumbers, you will need to carry out at least two or even three top dressings during fruiting.

At the very beginning, use a solution of 1 tbsp. nitrophoska for 10 liters of water. After a couple of weeks, dilute 0.5 liters of mullein and 1 tbsp in a bucket of water. potassium sulphate. The third feeding is carried out in August, and we will talk about this a little later.

Protection of cucumbers from diseases and pests

frozen cucumbers

While it is almost impossible to predict and prevent the appearance of pests, the presence of diseases on the ridges depends on whether you know how to care for cucumbers. A strong, well-fed plant, the owner of which does not forget about preventive treatment with folk remedies, is practically invulnerable to many diseases. But cucumbers, which are watered every other time, have only been fertilized before planting and are rarely examined – an ideal target for pathogens of bacterial and fungal infections.

Milk and iodine are good for disease prevention. Prepare a solution of 1 part milk, 9 parts water and 3-4 drops of iodine for each liter of mixture. Mist its plants at least once every 7 to 10 days. Also, an adequate preventive measure would be to spray the bushes with a solution of baking soda (0.4%) with the addition of soap. And finally, if you do not trust folk methods, you can use Bactofit, Sporobacterin, Fitosporin-M and others according to the instructions.

It is important to remember that many cucumber diseases are transmitted by pests, such as aphids on cucumbers. It is therefore necessary to protect the plantations from their invasions. To do this, regularly inspect the bushes, remove all weeds and plant debris from the paths, spray the plants with an infusion of tobacco dust, onion peel or garlic with the addition of laundry soap. Regularly ventilate the greenhouse, maintaining a humidity of about 65-75% and a temperature not exceeding 28 ° C.

If pests have already appeared on your cucumbers during fruiting, do not rush to strong chemicals – they will destroy your crop even more surely than insects. Try biological products, such as Bitoxibacillin, Fitoverm or their analogues.

Cucumber mulch

cucumber shelter

The cucumber root is small, tender and located on the very surface of the earth, so it is very easy to damage it. Experienced gardeners know that loosening cucumbers can damage plants, which will inevitably affect their fruiting. It is especially dangerous to carry out this procedure after watering or rain, when a dense crust forms on the ground.

Therefore, if you yourself do not want to become the cause of a decrease in the number of cucumbers on your ridges, it is better to mulch them with low peat, humus or straw. Grass left over after mowing the lawn is also suitable for this purpose, but it should not contain seeds.

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Stimulation of ovary formation

frozen cucumbers

Sometimes the fruiting of cucumbers begins and becomes very inactive, the plants seem to linger. It is possible to stimulate this process, and inexpensively, but it is suitable only for those who grow cucumbers in a greenhouse or greenhouse.

You will need to take several containers with a volume of 5-10 liters, fill them with a 10% solution of mullein, chicken manure or infusion of fermented herbs and place them around the greenhouse. Such a capacity is enough for 3-4 m², subject to good ventilation.

Pick the cucumbers well

frozen cucumbers

Do you think cultivated cucumbers are so easy to pick? No matter how! This case has its own secrets:

  • you can not turn the lashes when harvesting, because then they will spend a lot of energy to return the leaves to the correct orientation relative to the sun;
  • you need to remove the cucumbers with part of the stem, carefully cutting or breaking them;
  • if during harvesting part of the cucumber broke off and remained on the bush, it must be removed so that it does not rot;
  • you need to harvest the fruits every 2-3 days, not allowing them to grow, because otherwise the bush will spend energy on them, postponing the formation of the ovary until later.

How to care for cucumbers in August

In August, another important activity is added to the July procedures – the removal of damaged sheets. No matter how well you take care of your cucumber ridges, by the end of summer pests are already feasting on them mightily and mightily, and a variety of diseases are stalking you. From there and from the natural course of time, the leaves turn yellow, dry up, the stems thin out and the fruits change in shape, color and taste.

Of course, no one can grow an everlasting cucumber, but you can slow the death of the cilia if you regularly cut off the affected leaves, taking care not to turn them over and injure them in the process. In addition, another foliar dressing will benefit cucumbers. The composition of the solution should include 1 tbsp. superphosphate and 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water. Also, the bushes can be sprayed with sour milk (diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3) or whey (in the same proportion with water).

If you know how to care for cucumbers in a greenhouse and a greenhouse in the second half of summer, then it is quite possible to extend their fruiting until September itself. In the open ground it is more difficult to do – cold August nights do not benefit this culture.

Although cucumbers are not as sensitive to temperature changes as other crops, in August those grown outdoors are better covered at night, especially if the temperature drops below 10°C. You can install the arches and lay a film or non-woven covering material over them, or you can put it directly on the whips.