There are many ways to propagate a climbing rose. In addition to traditional methods, there are also unusual methods that allow you to replenish the rose garden with new plants by next season. However, each of them has its own subtleties and they should be observed.
Methods of propagating climbing roses
The most effective methods for rapidly propagating climbing roses are vegetative. The shrub is well restored from any part of it: stem, leaf or root.
Remarkably, all new plants are rooted, adapted to the local climate and fully retain their varietal qualities. Caring for these roses is much easier.
Even climbing roses can be propagated effectively by grafting onto wild rosehips by budding. This method allows you to get planting material much faster, but requires experience and knowledge. More suitable for areas where the southern plant does not tolerate wintering on its own roots.
It is easier for a simple gardener to propagate climbing roses in the following way:
- withdrawal method;
- root suckers;
- divide the bush.
However, it should be noted that not all varieties can be propagated by cuttings. In addition, a young bush will bloom only after a few years. To propagate a rose, you need to find a perfectly healthy material for the job.
Multiplication of climbing roses by cuttings
For every climbing rose propagation method, there is a time. It is customary to plant shrubs with cuttings in the summer. The optimal period is from the beginning of June to the end of July. If the cuttings are planted later, they simply will not have time to let the roots die back in winter.
Planting material can be prepared in the fall, but it should be planted in the ground in March or early April, and even then in a greenhouse. Before winter, the cuttings are planted in containers and taken home. In the open ground, cuttings planted in September die, especially without additional shelter.
Important! Varieties of climbing roses with dark flowers take root faster than all. White and light varieties are more difficult to propagate.
For cuttings, one-year-old shoots are used. They should not be too lignified or green. The roots of these stems will develop poorly. To propagate the plant in this way, use the middle of the shoot. Cuttings are cut from stems, the thickness of which is about 5 mm. Each should have 2 buds and 2 leaves, all others cut and remove thorns. The upper cut is made 2 cm above the last kidney, but the lower edge is very close to the kidney.
Before planting, the cuttings are dipped in a solution of growth stimulator, lowering only the lower part into it. Then start landing.
Advice! In order for the planting material to take root quickly, it must be harvested when the bush has released buds.
Rooting in water
The easiest way to root climbing roses is in water. However, it does not give 100% results. Harvested shoots are dipped in a pot of clean water, covered with a bag on top to achieve the effect of a greenhouse.
It is impossible to remove the packaging before the appearance of young roots. It may take around 2-3 weeks. You can add Kornevin powder to the water to speed up the process.
Rooting in the ground
If the rooting of climbing roses is carried out in the ground, the cuttings are planted in the sun, but in a quiet place. Breeding in spring gives almost 100% result.
The planting material is deepened by 1.5-2 cm. A distance of 5 cm is maintained between the shoots in a row. After that, the soil is watered abundantly and the cuttings are covered with a jar or bag . In greenhouse conditions, the bush will grow faster.
The first 2 weeks the plants should be carefully cared for. Lift the film to aerate the plantations, spray, loosen the soil. When the buds swell and begin to grow, the bag can be removed. In addition, climbing roses are grown in the garden. You can transplant them to a permanent location next year when they are ready to bloom.
Warning! Cuttings can release buds already in the current season, however, they must be removed. The purpose of breeding is to grow a powerful bush.
in the package
When there is little planting material, you can quickly germinate it in an ordinary bag. To propagate a climbing rose in this way, you must follow the instructions:
- Prepare shoots for rooting as usual.
- Pour peat, sand, soil or moss into the bag. Moisten well.
- Stick the cuttings in the substrate and tie the bag tightly without releasing air.
- Hang in a sunny place.
At the end of the first week, a callus should appear, and after a month the first roots are visible. The strongest plants are planted in a pot and covered with a film, the rest are again placed in a bag for root formation. Roses are planted in the garden only after a year.
Roses in young potatoes
Very good shoots of climbing roses take root in potatoes. For this method, a young tuber is selected without eyes, signs of disease and spoilage. Holes are made in it, shoots are inserted into it. The tubers themselves are dug into the ground, covered with sand from above.
You can learn more about propagating climbing roses and root cuttings in the video.
Reproduction of climbing roses by layering
Thanks to flexible shoots, climbing roses can be propagated effectively by layering. This is a simple method that does not require any special fees. They begin to work when the earth warms up well and the bushes are thinned out. You need to dig a ditch around the bush, put a one-year-old sprout in it and sprinkle well with humus or compost. The tip of the shoot is left on the surface of the earth.
Rooting lasts all summer. The whole season you need to keep the soil moist, remove weeds, loosen. Closer to autumn, a lot of young shoots will appear at the end. This indicates successful rooting.
You can transfer to a permanent layering place in September or next spring. Experienced gardeners leave young bushes to overwinter to the mother plant. Thus, they are more likely to survive the winter. Next year, all the buds will have to be removed, and in the second year you can already admire the lush flowering of the shrub.
Important! Only one layer can be taken from a bush, otherwise the plant will weaken and get sick.
Other breeding methods
Having gained experience, you can try other ways of propagating climbing roses. However, you will need to strictly observe all the intricacies of planting and caring for bushes.
The most difficult way to propagate roses is by budding. It takes place during sap flow, which takes place in climbing roses in April, May, July and August. At this time, the bark is well separated, and the gardener can easily prepare a rootstock to propagate the plant. At this point, the rooting process is quick and painless.
To propagate a rose in this way, all you need is a bud of a cultivated variety, which is cut from the parent plant, along with a piece of bark. It is inserted into a T-shaped incision on the stock, squeezed tightly and wrapped with a special bandage. After a month, the bandage is removed. If the vaccination was successful, the kidney will take root. All shoots above are cut off.
Another easy way to propagate climbing roses is to transplant the offspring. Every year, many young shoots form around an adult bush, which can be dug up and planted. In the first year, the strongest shoots are selected, all others are removed. The remaining sprouts are cared for throughout the season, and the following spring, when they have their roots, they are planted from the mother liquor.
Warning! Only self-rooted climbing roses can be propagated in this way. Not all seedlings grafted onto the wild rose bush will produce a varietal plant.
By dividing the bush
Climbing roses can be propagated by dividing the bush in early spring. Holes are prepared in advance in order to immediately plant delenki in a permanent place. This method makes it possible to obtain the number of bushes that will bloom completely next year.
You can propagate an adult plant that needs to be transplanted. It is completely dug up, the rhizome is cut into pieces, so that each has a part of the roots. For better rooting, they are smeared with clay mash. Immediately after planting, the shoots are cut to 1/3 of the length.
After breeding, young roses should be well cared for in order to get powerful bushes that can bloom abundantly.
Rooting roses is a long process. All this time, the soil under the plants should be kept moist. Water it as needed. During hot summers, the soil is moistened every other day. It is better to water in the evening, so that the bushes are sufficiently saturated with moisture overnight.
For rooting to be successful, the soil must breathe. After abundant watering or heavy rain, you need to loosen the crust and weed the weeds. The neighborhood with them is not good for roses. Plants suffer from pests and diseases.
When the buds begin to grow, the climbing roses begin to feed. Use complex mineral fertilizers so that the plants are strong enough in the fall. At the end of summer, top dressing is stopped, otherwise the shoots will not have time to ripen in winter and freeze.
For the winter, climbing roses are carefully covered after breeding. They are not yet strong enough to fight the cold. The bushes are tall, covered with dry foliage, straw, peat or humus. In the spring, the shelter is gradually removed so that the shoots do not spray.
Warning! In the first year after reproduction, climbing roses are not pruned. Next season they will bloom on last year’s branches. After that, bushes form steadily.
Propagating a climbing rose by yourself is not a problem at all. It is enough to get a positive result once and it is impossible to stop. I constantly want to try new ways to root the shoots, because it’s an exciting activity.