Strawberries or garden strawberries are the most beloved berries in the garden, which require constant attention. And we decided to create such a “cheat sheet” for gardeners on how to care for strawberries in spring and autumn. A very useful thing! Enjoy!

They start caring for the strawberry bed even before the snow completely melts (usually in March) and finish the job with the onset of frost.

March

When the first warm days come and the snow partially melts from the beds, the strawberries are covered with plastic wrap or agro fiber. This will allow you to get an early harvest of berries.

The covering material is placed on arches so that an air space remains between it and the plants. Note: the greater the volume of air under the shelter, the lower the temperature the strawberries will be able to withstand.

As soon as the snow has completely melted, the bed is cleaned: dried leaves and flower stalks are removed, and the remains of the mustache are cut off with scissors. In places where dead bushes have grown, young rosettes are planted.

After the beds are restored, preventive treatment is carried out against diseases and pests. The plantations are sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid or any chorus preparation.

When the earth thaws, the soil is loosened on the bed of strawberries. This will keep the moisture accumulated during the winter in it. At the same time, the bushes are lightly sprinkled so that the root system develops faster.

April

If you plan to plant strawberries in the spring, do it as soon as possible. In April, the weather is different: sometimes in the middle of spring there is still a thick layer of snow, and sometimes at this time the buds are already blooming with full force and force. Therefore, when determining a suitable time for planting strawberries, they are no longer guided by time, but by weather conditions.

Strawberry seedlings are planted in the spring. It is important that at this time the soil has time to warm up to about 10 ° C.

When the strawberries begin to grow, the plantations are mulched with organic matter or a special mulching film. During the period of massive foliage growth, a second preventive treatment against diseases is carried out.

If pests appeared in April, the bushes are sprayed with chemical insecticides (Aktellik, Teldor, Envidor, Calypso, etc.). Also recently, the complex preparation Teovit Jet, a contact fungicide and acaricide, has proven itself.

If garden strawberries have been growing in the same spot for more than 3 years, they will need top dressing. At the beginning of the growing season, garden strawberries need nitrogen fertilizers, during the flowering period they need phosphorus fertilizers, and after fruiting, they need nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers.

Can

Tunnel-grown garden strawberries are ventilated daily so the plants don’t overheat in the rays of the spring sun. In the morning, one or both ends are slightly open and closed at night.

Strawberries grown in the open field are covered in spun bonds at night because returning spring frosts (and sometimes even a 1°C drop in temperature) can kill the plants.

When flowering strawberries, strawberry weevils may appear on them. The bushes are sprayed with an infusion of garlic or other folk remedies for pest control.

May is often dry. For the proper development of plants and the formation of fruits, the strawberry bed is regularly watered. In the second half of May (depending on the region and weather), strawberries of early varieties begin to bear fruit. The crop is harvested in a timely manner, then watering is carried out after picking ripe berries.

If in this period there are often heavy rains, the plants are protected from rotting and powdery mildew. And also, if necessary, weeding weeds.

In May, strawberries in the garden begin to actively produce whiskers, which absorb a large number of nutrients from the plant. If you are growing strawberries for the berries and not for propagation, the tendrils should be removed regularly.

By correctly adjusting the number of mustaches on the bushes, you can get both planting material and a good harvest of berries.

June

Continue harvesting. In the second half of the month, late varieties begin to bear fruit. So that the berries do not get dirty and rot, a black fleece is laid under the bushes, or shavings are sprinkled. This helps protect strawberries from gray mold and weeds.

Also in June, strawberry bushes are rooted in separate cups or cassettes. These plants will be ready to transplant to a new location in 2-3 weeks.

July

After the end of fruiting, all old, diseased, and damaged leaves are removed from the bushes. The bed is well watered, the soil around the bushes is loosened, and all excess whiskers are removed from it.

In July, a strawberry mite can settle on strawberries. Leaves are cut from damaged and burned plants. Then the entire bed is sprayed with water (about 60°C) or a hot solution of potassium permanganate.

If other pests appear on the plants, the strawberries are sprayed with chemical or biological insecticides. You can also resort to safe means. In addition, during this period, strawberries are often affected by spot, powdery mildew, and gray rot. 1% Bordeaux liquid with the addition of colloidal sulfur (100 g of the drug per 10 liters of water) helps to cope with diseases.

August

At the end of summer, the soil is deeply loosened on a bed of strawberries and complex fertilizer is applied: 1 teaspoon for each bush. Until the end of the month they finish planting the mustache, the bushes are regularly watered.

In the second half of summer – at the beginning of autumn, care should be taken to water the strawberry garden in a timely manner.

September

This month, flower buds are formed, from which berries will appear next year. Therefore, in September it is important not to forget to water the plants.

October

In October, favorable conditions are created for plants that will help them winter well. To do this, the beds are watered, the soil is loosened, weeds are removed. Strawberry bushes are covered with peat, humus, or compost.

November

When the top layer of soil (to a depth of 5-7 cm) freezes, the beds are mulched. This will prevent the plants from being pushed out of the ground. To retain the snow, brushwood, Jerusalem artichoke leaves, raspberry, or corn stalks are laid on it. In this form, strawberries hibernate.

Thanks to the correct and timely work on the care of strawberries, you will be able to grow a healthy plant and collect a good harvest of sweet berries. Follow these guidelines and you’ll be fine!